top of page

Research Papers
Authored by Artium or our collaborators covering related research

PDI: Phase Doppler Interferometer

History of Spray Measurements

– Bachalo, Artium

Phase Doppler Interferometry for Efficient Cloud Drop Size Distribution, Number Density and LWC Measurements

SAE Technical Paper 2023-01-1409, doi:10.4271/2023-01-1409, Jun 15, 2023

Spray Droplet Size Distribution and Droplet Velocity Measurements in a Firing Optical Engine

Feb 2020 - Sharma, Bachalo, Agarwal, DOI:10.1063/1.5126498, AIP Online

Droplet homogeneity in shallow cumuli: the effects of in-cloud location and aerosol number concentration

May 2019 - Dodson and Griswold, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 7297–7317


MODIS Retrievals of Cloud Effective Radius in Marine Stratocumulus Exhibit No Significant Bias

Sep 2018 - Witte (et al),  Geophysical Research Letters, 45.


Twomey effect observed from collocated microphysical and remote sensing measurements over shallow cumulus

Jan 2014, Werner (et al),  J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119, 1534–1545, doi:10.1002/2013JD020131

Spray Diagnostics for the Twenty-First Century

2000 – Bachalo, Artium

Phase-Doppler Interferometry with Probe-to-Droplet Size Ratios Less than Unity: I. Trajectory Errors

2000 – Strakey (et al), U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory


Phase-Doppler Interferometry with Probe-to-Droplet Size Ratios Less than Unity: II. Application of the Technique

2000 – Strakey (et al), U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory


LDV: Laser Doppler Velocimeter

Measurement Techniques for Turbulent Two-Phase Flow Research

– Bachalo, Artium

LII: Laser Induced Incandescence

Assessment of a Laser-Induced Incandescence Sensor for Real-Time Particulate Emissions Measurement
April 2008 – Gujarathi (et al), Cummins

Design Optimization for High Sensitivity Two-Color LII
2006 – Smallwood (et al), NRC Canada


Real-Time Measurement of Diesel Nano-Particulates

2004 – Smallwood (et al), NRC Canada

Application of Auto-Compensating Laser-Induced Incandescence (AC-LII) to Measuring Particulate Emissions

2004 – Smallwood (et al), NRC Canada

Laser-Induced Incandescent Measurement of Particulate Matter in Raw Diesel Exhaust
2004 – Witze (et al), Sandia National Laboratories

Concurrent Quantitative Laser-Induced Incandescence and SMPS Measurements

October 2002 – Smallwood (et al), NRC Canada

Soot Volume Fraction Characterizations Using the Laser-Induced Incandescence Detection Method

2002 – Bachalo (et al), Artium


PI: Particle Imaging

High Resolution Cloud Particle Imaging Incorporating State-of-the-Art Digital Cameras with Pulsed LED
SAE Technical Paper 2023-01-1421, 2023, doi:10.4271/2023-01-1421, Jun 15, 2023

bottom of page